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返乡农民工论文:返乡农民工就业保障权益保障

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返乡农民工论文:返乡农民工 就业保障 权益保障 【中文摘要】目前,农民工已逐渐成为我国当代产业工人的主力 军,而且其数量还在持续增加,他们为我国的经济、 社会发展做出了巨 大贡献,但与此同时,其就业保障问题也逐渐成为制约我国经济可持 续发展和建设社会主义和谐社会的瓶颈。就业是民生之本,是农民工 维持生存的首要条件,由于我国长期形成的城乡二元经济结构和传统 户籍制度对农民工的种种限制,使得农民工在社会保障、教育、政治 参与权等方面遭受了不*等待遇,其中社会保障的不公*尤其突出, 多数农民工处于无保障状态。2008 年,金融风暴席卷全球,农民工成 为最直接的受害者,全国约有 2000 万农民工由于金融危机失去工作 或者还没有找到工作而返乡,占外出就业农民工总数的 15.3%。自 2008 年下半年开始,返乡农民工的就业问题受到党和政府的高度关 注。在总体经济形势欠佳的情况下,通过完善返乡农民工就业保障体 系,促进其再就业,对我国具有重要意义。 本文从对现有研究成果的归 纳总结出发,阐述了返乡农民工和就业保障的相关概念和基础理论, 并结合实地调研获取的一手数据,介绍了湖南省返乡农民工就业的基 本情况,还进一步挖掘了政府在返乡农民工就业保障工作中取得的成 绩和存在的现实问题,最后,有针对性地提出了应对策略,以求改进和 完善我国返乡农民工就业保障体系。具体来说,本文通过社会调查数 据,从返乡农民工的基本情况和就业情况两个方面介绍了湖南省返乡 农民工就业保障的现状。 然后总结了湖南返乡农民工就业保障工作取 得的三方面成绩:一是农民工转移就业人数和劳动收入均保持较快增 长;二是农民工合法权益得到了较有效的保障;三是农民工公共就业 服务体系在不断健全。接着,重点分析了返乡农民工就业保障存在的 四个问题:农民工文化程度较低,造成就业隔离;农民工社会网络不足, 导致就业渠道狭窄;农民工公共就业服务不够完善,影响其就业质量; 工会的覆盖面和作用十分有限,致使利益诉求渠道不畅。 最后,从健全 返乡农民工公共就业服务体系、 强化返乡农民工权益保障体系和培育 返乡农民工社会支持体系三个方面提出完善我国返乡农民工就业保 障体系的具体对策。 【英文摘要】Currently, migrant workers has become the main force of the contemporary industrial workers, and their number continues to increase, they made great contributions for our country’s economic and social development, but at the same time, their employment security problem has gradually become a bottleneck which constraint China’s sustainable economic development and building a socialist harmonious society. Employment is the Basic Thing, is the most important condition for migrant workers to survival. Due to the formation of long-term urban-rural dual economic structure and limitations on migrant workers from traditional household registration system, making migrant workers subject unfair treatment in social security, education, political rights and many other aspects, especially in social security, most migrant workers in the state of insecurity. In 2008, the financial crisis sweeping the globe, migrant workers become the most direct victims, and about 20 million migrant workers returned home because of the financial crisis made them lost jobs or not found job, accounted for 15.3% of the total number of migrant workers employment outside the home. Since the second half of 2008, the party and government attention the employment of migrant workers returned home. In the case of the overall poor economic situation, through the improvement of migrant workers returning home security system, to promote their re-employment, is important in China.This article departures from the study summarized existing, explains the related concepts and basic theory of



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